Hong Kong was the world’s 9th largest trading entity in merchandise trade in 2012. The economy is dominated by service-related industries for an astonishing 93% of the GDP in 2012 and accounts for 88% of the total employment in 2013. Low in natural resources, Hong Kong has established itself as a center for international trade and finance. It has topped the Economic Freedom of the World Report as the freest economy for 20 straight years. The Hong Kong stock exchange is the 6th largest in the world with a market capitialization of nearly US$3 Trillion.
Hong Kong has a capitalist economy with strong cornerstones of free markets, low taxation, and fiscal responsibility. Hong Kong has the greatest concentration of corporate headquarters in the Asia-Pacific region. The largest trading partner is China with the United States and Japan being the other major partners.
The currency in Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Dollar which has been pegged to the US$ since 1983. The 2013 GDP growth rate was 2.9%. The 2014 GDP is forecast to grow in the range of 3% to 4%. The average inflation in 2013 was 4.3%. Hong Kong is known for low corporate and personal taxes. Standard & Poor (S&P) made a December 16, 2010 decision to upgrade Hong Kong’s long-term foreign-currency and local-currency ratings to “AAA” from “AA+,” with a “stable” outlook.
Hong Kong has come in at #1 in a global rankings list of the world’s 60 largest economies. Hong Kong was only one of two Asian economies to place in the study’s top 10 countries. Hong Kong was cited as the most globalized economy for doing business.